Hepatitis C is a liver disease triggered by the hepatitis C virus: the virus can generate both acute and chronic hepatitis, running in severity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, ongoing illness.
The hepatitis C virus is a bloodborne virus and the most common modes of infection are through exposure to small quantities of blood. This may happen through injection drug use, unsafe injection practices, unsafe health care, and the transfusion of unscreened blood and blood products.
All over the world, an estimated 71 million people have chronic hepatitis C infection.
A great number of those who are chronically infected will get cirrhosis or liver cancer.
Approximately 399 000 people die annually from hepatitis C, mainly from cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma.
Antiviral medications can cure in excess of 95% of persons with hepatitis C infection, thus reducing the threat of death from liver cancer and cirrhosis, but availability to diagnosis and treatment is low.
There is at the moment no vaccine for hepatitis C; however research in this area is continuing.
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes both acute and chronic infection. Acute HCV infection is usually asymptomatic, and is only very hardly (if ever) related to life-threatening disease. About 15-- 45% of infected persons spontaneously clear the virus within 6 months of infection without any treatment.
The remaining 60-- 80% of persons will cultivate chronic HCV infection. Of those with chronic HCV infection, the risk of cirrhosis of the liver is between 15-- 30% within 20 years.
Your liver is your largest internal organ and your body's workhorse. Among its many jobs are converting food into fuel, processing fat from your blood, clearing harmful toxins, and making proteins that help your blood clot. This hard-working, supersized organ is get more info susceptible to a dangerous and often hard-to-diagnose health condition called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, or NAFLD.
Liver disease - Fatty Liver.
NAFLD is defined as the presence of fat in more than 5% of liver cells. It is the most commonplace liver disease and affects up to 25% of American adults, 60% of whom are men.
The disease increases your risk of heart disease and left untreated, NAFLD also can lead to an inflamed liver, a condition called nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).
As many as 40% of people with NAFLD develop NASH. NASH can trigger scarring of the liver; severe scarring, called cirrhosis, increases your risk of liver cancer.
A growing problem.
Although drinking a lot of alcohol can cause fat build-up in the liver, NAFLD affects people who consume little or no alcohol.
Instead, the main perpetrator is excess weight-- which causes extra fat to get stored in the liver-- and is linked with dyslipidemia (abnormally high LDL cholesterol levels, low HDL levels, or both), high blood pressure, and diabetes.
Fatty Liver & Obesity
As the number of overweight people has increased, so too has the prevalence of NAFLD. "Much of this can be attributed to a customary diet of more processed foods and significant amounts of carbohydrates, as well as more sedentary lifestyles," says Dr. Kathleen Corey, director of the Fatty Liver Disease Clinic at Harvard-affiliated Massachusetts General Hospital. She adds that some people with fatty livers have none of these risk factors, which suggests that genes can play an important role.
Eating healthy and balanced
Creating healthy eating habits isn't as perplexing or as restrictive as some people imagine. The essential steps are to eat mostly foods derived from plants-- vegetables, fruits, website whole grains and legumes (beans, peas, lentils)-- and get more info limit highly processed foods. Kickoff on your healthy diet by following the links in this article.